Sri Sri Birbhadra Goswami Prabhu at Khardaha
Sri Viracandra or Virabhadra Prabhu appeared on the ninth day of
the dark fortnight of the month of Kartik. Krsna dasa Kaviraja
Gosvami has given this description of Him in the C.c. Adi
"After Nityananda Prabhu, the greatest branch is Virabhadra Gosani,
who also has innumerable branches and sub-branches. It is not
possible to describe them all. Although Virabhadra Gosani was the
Supreme Personality of Godhead, He presented Himself as a great
devotee. And although the Supreme Godhead is transcendental to all
Vedic injunctions, He strictly followed the Vedic rituals. He is
the main pillar in the hall of devotional service erected by Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He knew within himself that He acted as the
Supreme Lord Visnu, but externally He was prideless. It is by the
mercy of Sri Virabhadra Gosani that people all over the world now
have the chance to chant the names of Caitanya and Nityananda. I
there take shelter of the lotus feet of Virabhadra Gosani so that
by His mercy my great desire to write Sri Caitanya-Charitamrta will
be properly guided."
Sri Birbhadra Gosvami is the son of Sri Nityananda Prabhu and the
disciple of Sri Jahnava Mata. His mother is Srimati Vasudha Devi.
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika it is described that Sri Viracandra
Prabhu is an incarnation of Ksirodakasayi Visnu – one of the
expansions of Sri Sankarsana. He is thus not different from Lord
Once upon a time, Isvari (Sri Jahnava Mata) went to the house of
one Jadunandana Acarya of Jhamatpur near Rajbol Hat(ta?)œ and by
her mercy he became a devotee. Jadunanda's wife was extremely
devoted to her husband and his two daughters, Srimati and Narayani,
possessed bodily forms which excelled the limits of mortal beauty.
By the desire of Isvari that very perfect brahmana gave these two
daughters in marriage to Prabhu Viracandra. [B.R.13]
Sri Yadunandana Acarya became the disciple of Vircandra Prabhu and
Srimati and Sri Narayani were given initiation in mantra by Sri
Jahnava Mata. Viracandra prabhu had a sister, Srimati Gangadevi,
who was none other than Mother Ganga herself. Her husband
Madhavacarya was an incarnation of Raja Santanu.
Taking permission from his mother, Viracandra Prabhu set out on a
pilgrimage to Vrindavana. First he came to Saptagram and proceeded
to the house of Sri Uddharana Datta Thakura where He was met by
Uddharana Datta's son, Srinivasa Datta. Srinivasa greeted Him with
respect and showed Him all hospitality for the two days that he
stayed there. From there He went to Santipur where He was led to
Advaita Bhavan in a kirtan procession by Advaita Acarya's son, Sri
Krsna Misra. Next he crossed the Ganges River and came to Gauri
dasa Pandita's house in Ambika Kalna. Sri Hrdaya Caitanya Prabhu
respectfully greeted Him and honored Him as His guest. From here He
came to Navadvipa, to the house of Jagannath Misra. When the family
members and associates of Mahaprabhu learned that He was the son of
Sri Nityananda Prabhu, they were highly pleased and showed Him all
After spending two days there He came to Sri Khanda where He was
greeted very respectfully and affectionately by Sri Raghunandana
and to Sri Kanai Thakura. He spent a few days there, and then went
to Srinivasa Acarya Prabhu's house in Jajigram, where Acarya Prabhu
received his exalted guest by offering Him the appropriate worship.
A few days passed In the ecstasy of sankirtan and then Viracandra
Prabhu came to Kantak Nagan (Katwa). He remained there for one day
and then proceeded to Bhudarigram. There He was received by Sri
Govinda Kaviraj who worshipped His lotus feet and offered Him all
hospitality. Sri Viracandra Prabhu was very pleased at his devotion
and remained there for a couple of days. Thereafter He made His
auspicious arrival in Kheturi.
As soon as he received news of His arrival, Sri Narottama Thakura
came out in great ecstasy to meet Sri Viracandra Prabhu. He led Him
into the courtyard of the temple of Sri Gauranga where sankirtan
accompanied with ecstatic dancing commenced. A steady crowd of
people thronged to get a glimpse of Prabhu Vircandra.
After spending a few days in Kheturi in ecstatic sankirtana,
Viracandra Prabhu set off for Sri Vrindavana Dhama. Along the way
many sinful and atheistic people were delivered by His influence.
As news of His arrival reached Vrindavana, the Gosvamis, namely
Srila Jiva Goswami, Srila Krsna dasa Kaviraj Gosvami, Sri Ananta
Acarya, Sri Hari dasa Pandita, Sri Krsna dasa Brahmacari (Sri Madhu
Gopala's pujari, a disciple of Sri Gadadhara Pandita), Sri Madhu
Pandita (pujari of Sri Gopinatha), Sri Bhavananda, Sri Kasisvara,
as well as his disciple Sri Govinda Gosvami and Sri Yadavacarya
were all informed.
The Gosvamis, accompanied by many residents of Sri Vrindavana
Dhama, all came out to meet Prabhu Viracandra. Everyone was
overwhelmed by His appearance in ecstatic love, and they all were
humming like bumble bees in discussing His good qualities. Prabhu
Viracandra, in the company of these exalted souls, took darshana of
Sri Madana Mohana, Sri Govindaji, Sri Gopinatha, the principal
Deities in Vrindavana.
After receiving the consent of Sri Jiva Gosvami and Sri Bhugarbha
Gosvami, Prabhu Viracandra set out to wander in the twelve forests
of Vrajamandala, becoming completely overwhelmed by seeing the
various places of Krsna's pastimes, like Sri Radha Kunda, Sri
Shyama Kunda and Giri Govardhana. His display of ecstatic symptoms
captivated the Brijbasis. After seeing the sights of Sri
Vrajadhama, Bircandra Prabhu returned to Gaudadesa.
All of the divine qualities of His father, Sri Nityananda Prabhu,
were fully present in Him. Those who were fortunate enough to
witness His ecstatic love praised His glories far and wide.
Gopijana Vallabha, Rama Krsna and Ramacandra, who are thought by
some to be the sons of Virabhadra Gosai, were actually His
disciples. The youngest, Rama Krsna, who resided at Khardaha,
belonged to the Sandilya Gotra and was a member of the Batabyal
brahmana community, known for their great accomplishment in
studying the Vedas. The oldest, Gopijana Vallabha, lived at
Latagram near Manakar, in the district of Barddhaman. The middle
one, Ramacandra, lived at Ganeshpur near Maldah. Because their
gotras and surnames (titles) were different, and because they lived
at different places, it is concluded they were not actually
Viracandra Prabhu's sons.
His birthplace is at Khardaha, which now is a rail station on the
Sealdah-Krsnanagar line. The village where Nityananda Prabhu made
His advent in this world - Ekacakra - is also named Viracandrapur.
Here the Deity of Sri Bankim Raya was worshipped by Viracandra
Sri Sri Shyama
Sri Sri Nitai
Gaur at KunjaBati, Khardaha- Household of Sri Nityananda
Historic Idol of
Sri Ananta Deva Saligram Worshipped By Sri Nityananda Prabhu -
Nityananda Prabhu used to keep him tied with his throat all the