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Its very logical conclusion that hexatoms can not be seen by human eyes because they are to small, but one need to understand that only because of reflection from sunlight they become visible in a form of small tiny sparks.
For example, human eyes can not see stars during daylight, being to far away causing to be to small to be visible, but soon as the night falls, the reflection of sunlight shows their positions.
Similar to that, one need to be in the dark to see hexatoms who reflecting sunlight which comes trough hole of the window.
The human science is not perfect, but the science of Srimad Bhagavatam is.
One can believe on one or another, but those who claim to believe in both, actually do not believe in anything at all.
Hare Krishna Pamho,
Though i am a novice in bhakti and have a very little knowledge of science, still i will try to express my views.
The very first thing we have to understand that this material world is an illusion. Whatever we see or touch or smell or hear by our senses or by the very advanced scientific instruments ( which are just extended senses) are not the reality. All the observations and experiments that scientists does on this illusory energy of The Lord will eventually produce imperfect results. And we are taught all these things as science from the very beginning of our life - our thought process develops on these foundation. But the fact is that the scientists could not even figure out till now what matter actually is - and they proposes big big theories on the material universe.
Just think of the very fundamental issue, we all know that we are not this body, but spirit soul. In spite of having this knowledge, all our actions and thoughts are driven by the bodily conception of self. The illusion is so so strong and subtle that even the knowledge of it is of no use. It projects itself as reality and we accept it as it is.Just imagine the mental state of the scientists who does not know that soul exists - for them nothing exists except matter.
So when we could not understand what matter actually is even after touching and manipulating it, what is the guarantee that the vision of the sky that we are seeing is the actual reality !
But the knowledge of SB is not like our scientific experimental evidence based knowledge - which gets changed after every couple of years. The information of SB is perfect because that knowledge is given by the Person who have designed and manifested the creation. If SB says the universe extends up to 4 billion miles - that is the truth - though apparently by the influence of our imperfect senses we may think how can it be possible. We can't filter out scripture's information as per our convenience - we can't just accept those statements which seems to be rational to us and reject those which does not seems logical. The problem is not with the scripture but our faulty mind and intelligence. - yas
Very nice Prabhu.
Here is Canto 3. chp 11 text 5: Two infinitesimal particles constitute an atom [an anu] and three atoms make a trasarenu of which one is reminded by a beam of sunlight falling through a lattice window in which one sees something [a dust-particle] going up in the sky.
" Of Which one is reminded by a beam of sunlight falling through a lattice window "
I'm not an expert, but the way I interpret this is that it's just a comparison, to give us a mental visual idea of what is happening. NOT literally saying that atoms can be seen with the naked eye.
Many verses can not be translated literally, therefore as long as the translation do not deviate from the original meaning, its considered to be correctly translated.
Please read the below, the most comprehensive explanation on the web.
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Just to address 3 of your points.
1. We can see light, even if it's a few atoms of it. We can't see the individual atoms, but as a whole the light.
2. The scientist's universe and the universe defined in the SB, are not based on the same definition. So we cannot compare the dimentions from both. We can only compare apples to apples and not to banannas.
3. The diameter of the universe given in the SB is not the correct translation from the Sanskrit. The 'diameter' is mentioned to help us understand the vast size. The Sanskrit states something like 'extends 4 billion miles'. This does not mean only 4 billion miles, although it can too. So there is no wrong or right interpretation.